We use Letters and Sounds to teach spelling in KS1, and follow the National Curriculum for KS2. (See downloads.)
Letters and Sounds for KS1
Each teacher sends home weekly or unit spellings to be tested in school. It is essential that children take the time to learn spelling rules at home.
Many children will need to do more than just copy a word lots of times to learn it. There are many different ways to memorise spellings; here are some methods that may help:
|Spelling Strategy||Examples/How to Use|
|Look, say, cover, write, check||Look at the word; cover it up. Say it out loud, then write it down and check it. Repeat.|
|Sound it out (phonic knowledge)||Sound out the word, and put each sound you can hear onto your fingers.|
Write down each sound that you can hear.
|Word shapes||Some children benefit from using the shape of the word to help them to learn it.
A game that will help to introduce this can be found on:
|Letter strings||Children can identify word strings in other words to make the link between spellings e.g.night, bright, light
autograph, automatic, automobile
precious, consciously, delicious
|Mnemonics||Mnemonics are short phrases or rhymes that help to remember tricky spellings.
Using the first letter of each word, you can spell the word.
because = big elephants can always use small elephants
said = silly ants in dirt
ould (would, could) = oh u lucky duck
|Words within words||See if there is a word you know within the word, and use the one that helps to remember the spelling best e.g.
brownest contains brown, nest, own
something contains some, met, thing
vegetable contains get, table
|Learn the rules||There are lots of spelling rules that you need to learn (and their exceptions!). Many of these should be taught within school.One example is for using -le.For words ending in -le, when the vowel is short, there must be 2 consonants between the vowel and -le (little, tickle, handle). Otherwise, 1 consonant is enough (poodle, needle, idle).Another is for adding suffixes to words ending in y.Words that end in the letter y must have the y changed to i before adding any suffix:body = bodily, fury = furious|
|Silly actions||If your child gets stuck on a particular spelling issue, make a silly action to help them. It works really well for kinaesthetic learners.e.g. If your child writes alot instead of a lot, get them to stand up with their arms out and say a as they bounce their left arm and lot as they bounce their right arm. Repeat as required!|